|Kwanzaa is a week-long holiday celebrated by many people of the African diaspora. The holiday celebrates African-American culture and is one of the first pan-African holidays. Its history is rooted in Black Liberation struggles of the 20th century – a time when many Black Americans were fighting for political, economic, social and cultural freedom.
Each day during the Kwanzaa holiday, people who are celebrating reflect and practice the “seven principles of African heritage," or the Nguzo Saba. These principles emphasize community, bonding and self-determination.